Commercial baby food is often a humanitarian relief item. The food comes in baby led weaning pdf download varieties and flavors that are purchased ready-made from producers.
Or it may be table food eaten by the family that has been mashed or otherwise broken down. Baby food can be given when the child is developmentally ready to eat. Most six-month-old infants are physiologically and developmentally ready for new foods, textures and modes of feeding. The early introduction of complementary foods may satisfy the hunger of the infant, resulting in less frequent breastfeeding and ultimately less milk production in the mother. Because iron absorption from human milk is depressed when the milk is in contact with other foods in the proximal small bowel, early use of complementary foods may increase the risk of iron depletion and anemia. Foods naturally containing sodium are limited to 0.
25 grams per 100 grams of food, depending on the type of infant food. This way, if the child is unable to tolerate a certain food, it can be determined which food is causing the reaction. Newborns need a diet of breastmilk or infant formula. Micronutrient levels were typically within the recommended levels. A small group of older infants in the American study needed more iron and zinc, such as from iron-fortified baby foods. The World Health Organization recommends starting in small amounts that gradually increase as the child gets older: 2 to 3 meals per day for infants 6 to 8 months of age and 3 to 4 meals per day for infants 9 to 23 months of age, with 1 or 2 additional snacks as required. Baby foods are either a soft, liquid paste or an easily chewed food since babies lack developed muscles and teeth to effectively chew.
Babies do not need to have teeth to transition to eating solid foods. Teeth, however, normally do begin to show up at this age. Care should be taken with certain foods that pose a choking hazard, such as undercooked vegetables, grapes, or food that may contain bones. Then, as the baby is better able to chew, small, soft pieces or lumps may be included. Care should be taken, as babies with teeth have the ability to break off pieces of food but they do not possess the back molars to grind, so food can be carefully mashed or prechewed, or broken into manageable pieces for their baby. Homemade baby food is less expensive than commercial baby foods. Homemade food is appropriate only when the family has a sufficient and varied diet, as well as access to refrigeration and basic sanitation.
It is important to follow proper sanitation methods when preparing homemade baby food such as washing and rinsing vegetables or fruit, as well as the cooking and packaging materials that will be used. Homemade food requires more preparation time than opening a jar or box of ready-to-eat commercial baby food. Avocados and bananas are foods that can be easily mashed and are high in vitamins and nutrients, making them ideal starter foods for an infant 6 months in age or older. Through the first year, breastmilk or infant formula is the main source of calories and nutrients. 2008 indicates that few American babies are fed baby food before the age of four months. The baby may have eaten as little as one small bite of infant cereal, or even as little as one small bite of a food that contains infant cereal mixed with other foods. Other types of grain-based foods are rare at that age.