The composition of the story can be dated to the period between the 7th century BCE and the third quarter of the 5th century BCE, which is roughly the period to which scholars biblical dream interpretation pdf the Book of Genesis. He will wage war against the evil forces alongside Mashiach ben David and die in combat with the enemies of God and Israel. He was Rachel’s firstborn and Jacob’s eleventh son.
When Joseph was seventeen years old he had two dreams that made his brothers plot his demise. In the first dream, Joseph and his brothers gathered bundles of grain, of which those his brothers gathered, bowed to his own. These dreams, implying his supremacy, angered his brothers. Unaware of this secondary intention, the others obeyed his first. Upon imprisoning Joseph, the brothers saw a camel caravan carrying spices and perfumes to Egypt, and sold Joseph to these merchants.
Jacob, who therefore believed Joseph dead. Later, Joseph became Potiphar’s personal servant, and subsequently his household’s superintendent. Joseph, who stated that the chief cup-bearer would be reinstated but the chief baker would be hanged. When the Pharaoh’s advisers failed to interpret these dreams, the cup-bearer remembered Joseph. He interpreted the dream as seven years of abundance followed by seven years of famine, and advised the Pharaoh to store surplus grain. During the seven years of abundance, Joseph ensured that the storehouses were full and that all produce was weighed. When the famine came, it was so severe that people from surrounding nations came to Egypt to buy bread.
The narrative also indicates that they went straight to Joseph or were directed to him, even by the Pharaoh himself. Joseph set a mandate that, because the people would be sowing and harvesting seed on government property, a fifth of the produce should go to the Pharaoh. Joseph’s half brothers were sent to Egypt to buy goods. After questioning them, he accused them of being spies. Egypt as a demonstration of their veracity.
This was Joseph’s full brother, Benjamin. Joseph placed his brothers in prison for three days. On the third day, he brought them out of prison to reiterate that he wanted their youngest brother brought to Egypt to demonstrate their veracity. The brothers conferred amongst themselves speaking in Hebrew, reflecting on the wrong they had done to Joseph. Joseph understood what they were saying and removed himself from their presence because he was caught in emotion. Then he had their donkeys prepared with grain and sent the other brothers back to Canaan. Unbeknownst to them, Joseph had also returned their money to their money sacks.
The remaining brothers returned to their father in Canaan, and told him all that had transpired in Egypt. They also discovered that all of their money sacks still had money in them, and they were dismayed. Then they informed their father that the Vizier demanded that Benjamin be brought before him to demonstrate that they were honest men. Jacob became greatly distressed feeling that they treated him badly. After they had consumed all of the grain that they brought back from Egypt, Jacob told his sons to go back to Egypt for more grain. With Reuben and Judah’s persistence, they persuaded their father to let Benjamin join them for fear of Egyptian retribution.
Upon their return to Egypt, the brothers were received by the steward of the house of Joseph. When they were brought to Joseph’s house, they were apprehensive about the returned money in their money sacks. They thought that the missed transaction would somehow be used against them as way to induct them as slaves and confiscate their possessions. So they immediately informed the steward of what had transpired to get a feel of the situation. The steward put them at ease, telling them not to worry about the money, and brought out their brother Simeon. Then he brought the brothers into the house of Joseph and received them hospitably. Joseph saw and inquired of Benjamin and was overcome by emotion but did not show it.