Data collection process in research pdf of the different types of data. Data processing commonly occurs by stages, and the “processed data” from one stage may be considered the “raw data” of the next stage. The first English use of the word “data” is from the 1640s.
Using the word “data” to mean “transmittable and storable computer information” was first done in 1946. The expression “data processing” was first used in 1954. This data may be included in a book along with other data on Mount Everest to describe the mountain in a manner useful for those who wish to make a decision about the best method to climb it. Using an understanding based on experience climbing mountains to advise persons on the way to reach Mount Everest’s peak may be seen as “knowledge”. Some complement the series “data”, “information” and “knowledge” with “wisdom”, which would mean the status of a person in possession of a certain “knowledge” who also knows under which circumstances is good to use it. Data is often assumed to be the least abstract concept, information the next least, and knowledge the most abstract. Mount Everest is generally considered “data”, a book on Mount Everest geological characteristics may be considered “information”, and a climber’s guidebook containing practical information on the best way to reach Mount Everest’s peak may be considered “knowledge”.
Information” bears a diversity of meanings that ranges from everyday usage to technical use. This view, however, has also been argued to provide an upside-down model of the relation between data, information, and knowledge. Generally speaking, the concept of information is closely related to notions of constraint, communication, control, data, form, instruction, knowledge, meaning, mental stimulus, pattern, perception, and representation. Before the development of computing devices and machines, only people could collect data and impose patterns on it. Since the development of computing devices and machines, these devices can also collect data.