A foreign exchange hedge transfers the foreign exchange risk from the trading or investing company to a business that carries the risk, such as a bank. There is cost to the company for setting up forward exchange contract pdf hedge. By setting up a hedge, the company also forgoes any profit if the movement in the exchange rate would be favourable to it. Companies must exchange foreign currencies for home currencies when dealing with receivables, and vice versa for payables.
This is done at the current exchange rate between the two countries. Foreign exchange risk is the risk that the exchange rate will change unfavorably before payment is made or received in the currency . Hedging is a way for a company to minimize or eliminate foreign exchange risk. A forward contract will lock in an exchange rate today at which the currency transaction will occur at the future date. An option sets an exchange rate at which the company may choose to exchange currencies.
If the current exchange rate is more favorable, then the company will not exercise this option. The main difference between the hedge methods is who derives the benefit of a favourable movement in the exchange rate. With a forward contract the other party derives the benefit, while with an option the company retains the benefit by choosing not to exercise the option if the exchange rate moves in its favour. Guidelines for accounting for financial derivatives are given under IFRS 7. Derivatives should be grouped together on the balance sheet and valuation information should be disclosed in the footnotes. The International Accounting Standards IAS 32 and 39 help to give further direction for the proper accounting of derivative financial instruments.