The purpose of the website is to provide information regarding the Superfund program for communities, cleanup professionals, and concerned citizens. EPA is committed to coordinating with local, state and federal officials to address the human groundwater engineering book pdf and environmental impacts of Hurricanes Maria, Irma and Harvey. Superfund sites in your region.
Superfund works to ensure that the country’s most hazardous sites are returned to productive use. EPA’s Superfund program is responsible for cleaning up some of the nation’s most contaminated land and responding to environmental emergencies, oil spills and natural disasters. To protect public health and the environment, the Superfund program focuses on making a visible and lasting difference in communities, ensuring that people can live and work in healthy, vibrant places. View links to the most popular pages for each of EPA’s top environmental topics. View links to regulatory information by topic and sector, and to top pages about environmental laws, regulations, policies, compliance, and enforcement. Learn more about our mission, organization, and locations. 1952 to 1966 and the ongoing process of restitution and clean-up.
6 in their well water from the world’s largest plume of this cancer-causing chemical. E’s natural gas transmission system serving millions of California homes. Hinkley at the southern end of what would become their trans-California natural gas transmission system—a network of eight compressor stations linked by “40,000 miles of distribution pipelines and over 6,000 miles of transportation pipelines” serving “4. 2 million customers from Bakersfield to the Oregon border. E’s pipeline to northern and central California. These cooling waters were then disposed of “adjacent to the compressor stations.
Although the dumping took place from 1952 to 1966 when Hinkley was “a remote desert community united by a single school and a general store. E did not inform the local water board of the contamination until December 7, 1987. 6 was harmful to human health. In 1997, an article was published in which Zhang allegedly retracted his 1987 research. It was published under Zhang’s name—who was then a retired Chinese government health officer, in spite of his written objection—and a second Chinese scientist, Shu Kun Li. According to Peter Waldman, Zhang’s son was “outraged” at “the idea that his father would willingly have invalidated his earlier award-winning work. In contrast to the earlier article, the new one concluded that chromium wasn’t the likely culprit.
E or its scientists — helped persuade California health officials to delay new drinking water standards for chromium. In 1985 he opened the Washington, D. E Board of Directors from 2000 until his death in 2013. E Corporation Chairman, CEO and President Tony Earley.
EPA OEHHA—used to be located across from the University of California, Berkeley and had maintained academic ties with this institution. Paustenbach, De Flora and Froines resigned from the committee and were replaced. On August 31, 2001 the Chromate Toxicity Review Committee—which then included Russell Flegal, Jerold Last, Ernest E. The blue-ribbon academic committee recommended that reports of chromium concentrations especially in Southern California were alarmist and “spuriously high” and that further evaluation should be handled by academics in laboratory settings not by regulators. Their report cited both the 1987 Zhang article and the retracted 1997 version. November 2001 the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment withdrew their 1999 Public Health Goal for total chromium in drinking water at 2. In 2001, the firm of Engstron, Lipscomb and Lack had filed a follow-up lawsuit which is known as Aguayo vs.
E on behalf of 900 people stemming from contamination with chromium in both Hinkley and Kettleman, California. In 2003, Senator Deborah Ortiz who represented the Sacramento area and chaired the Senate Health and Human Services Committee, along with Gary Praglin, a lawyer with firm of Engstron, Lipscomb and Lack in Los Angeles called a Senate hearing into the “Possible Interference in the Scientific Review of Chromium VI Toxicity. E came into court, and they told the judge that everything had changed. They were waiving the blue-ribbon report—the blue-ribbon panel report—like a flag. They said to the judge, The State of California has spoken. It has said that chromium VI does not cause cancer by ingestion, and they wanted to amend their paperwork, their motions, their declarations, and move to dismiss our case.
And they got that permission to do that. They amended all their paperwork, and we were given permission to take discovery—to take depositions, issue subpoenas—and we have obtained thousands of pages of documents in connection with the blue-ribbon panel process. E was also required to discontinue use of chromium-6 and to clean up the contaminated groundwater. By 2008 however, the plume of chromium was spreading, capturing media attention by 2011. E began to offer to purchase threatened homes and property in Hinkley and to provide bottled water.
By 2013, the plume was “more than six miles long and two miles wide and gradually expanding. 295 million to settle cases involving another 1,100 people statewide for hexavalent chromium-related claims. Hinkley for natural gas transmission pipelines. The water was stored between uses in unlined ponds, which allowed it to percolate into the groundwater.