This article is about the book by Newton. Opticks: or, a treatise isaac newton pdf books the reflexions, refractions, inflexions and colours of light. It is considered one of the great works of science in history.
Newton called the “inflexion” of light. He demonstrates that color arises from a physical property of light — each hue is refracted at a characteristic angle by a prism or lens — but he clearly states that color is a sensation within the mind and not an inherent property of material objects or of light itself. European philosophers, contributing to the development of a vernacular science literature. This marks a significant transition in the history of the English Language. With Britain’s growing confidence and world influence, due at least in part to people like Newton, the English language was rapidly becoming the language of science and business. The book is a model of popular science exposition: although Newton’s English is somewhat dated—he shows a fondness for lengthy sentences with much embedded qualifications—the book can still be easily understood by a modern reader.
His formal but flexible style shows colloquialisms and metaphorical word choice. Instead, axioms define the meaning of technical terms or fundamental properties of matter and light, and the stated propositions are demonstrated by means of specific, carefully described experiments. My Design in this Book is not to explain the Properties of Light by Hypotheses, but to propose and prove them by Reason and Experiments. The first set of Queries were brief, but the later ones became short essays, filling many pages. These Queries, especially the later ones, deal with a wide range of physical phenomena, far transcending any narrow interpretation of the subject matter of “optics. These Queries are not really questions in the ordinary sense. That is, Newton does not ask whether light “is” or “may be” a “body.