The jump ball that starts the game, known as the opening tip, takes place at center court. Two opposing players attempt to gain control of the ball after it is tossed up into jump start php pdf air in between them by an official. Held balls occur when two opposing players both lay equal claim to the ball, and after trying to wrestle it from each other, end up in a stalemate. A jump ball may also be called if there are different calls by two or more referees.
Whenever such a jump ball situation occurs, possession of the ball is awarded to the team that is moving in the direction of the possession arrow on offense. The arrow then swaps to point to the other team. At the start of the game, the arrow points to the team that lost the opening tip. The alternating possession arrow rule went into effect in college basketball in 1981. Ever since, it has been controversial. But those who oppose the possession arrow believe that it has frequently undone a trailing team’s defensive effort because it is the other team’s turn to get the ball.
FIBA World Technical Commission at the time, adopted the alternating possession rule in 2003, with a major difference. In overtime periods, play begins with the arrow. In other organizations, another jump ball is conducted. However, the Euroleague Company reinstated the jump ball rule in 2013. FIBA, does not use a jump ball at any time in a game. During the game, held balls are automatically awarded to the defensive team.
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