Information about species conservation programs in New York, including the Endangered Species Program, State Wildlife Grants Program, Natural Heritage Program, NYS Pollinator Plan, and the Adirondack Cooperative Loon Program. Species Conservation – NYS Dept. Methods of biodiversity conservation pdf refers to the total variety of life on Earth, or the total variety of life in a given area. The biodiversity of New York includes all the different species of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms and bacteria living in the state.
Conserving as many plants and animals as possible is important for the benefit of humans and of other species. Animals and plants provide food and materials for clothing, shelter, and fuel. Insects pollinate crops and control agricultural pests. Plants produce the oxygen we breathe, and are the source for many medicines. Microorganisms decompose waste products and recycle nutrients. Each species is a unique part of our natural world and cannot be replaced if lost.
We rely on biodiversity for enjoyment, recreation, and spiritual fulfillment. During the last century, human impacts on our planet have led to an increasing and alarming loss of biodiversity. Scientists estimate that current extinction rates exceed those of prehistoric mass extinctions. Loss of biodiversity also means loss of genetic diversity and loss of ecosystems. Loss of suitable habitat is the major cause for declines in species populations.